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  Fruits Vegetables
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Black currant, Ribes nigrum / Saxifragaceae (Grossulariaceae)
Blackcurrants are native to the N hemisphere, mainly the most cold regions of Germany, England and France.

According to data obtained from the FAO in 1998, the world-wide production of all types of currants amounted to 654.000t, distributed by continents in the following way:

ContinentThousand tons
Africa0
Asia0
Europe651
North and Central America0
Oceania3
South America0
Total654

Source: FAO Production Yearbook (1998)

The production of all types of currants is practically centred in Europe, with an annual production of 651,000 t, followed by Oceania with 3,000 t. These are the only continents producing currants.

Two years later, that is to say, in 2000, the world-wide production of currants has remained within the same margins. According to data from the FAO, 613,188 t of currants were obtained in the world, a lower production than in 1998. The ten chief producers of currants in the world are shown in the following table:

CountryTons
Russia208,000
Poland145,000
Germany140,000
Czech Rep.22,792
Austria19,537
Ukraine18,500
United Kingdom11,000
France8,500
Hungary8,000
Denmark5,000

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results (2000) ( http://www.fao.org )

The leader in production is Russia (208,000 t), followed by Poland and Germany as the chief producers in 2000.

32,126 tons are imported world-wide, according to the FAO’s data of 1999. The distribution of imports by continents is shown in the table below:

ContinentTons
Africa152
Asia1
Europe31,701
North and Central America257
Oceania2
South America13

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results (1999) ( http://www.fao.org )

The continent with larger import of currants is Europe, that in 1999 imported 31,701 tons.

The main importer is in the first place Germany with 14,708t of currants. The ten first world-wide countries importing this fruit are classified in the following table:

CountryTons
Germany14,708
Austria9,589
Denmark3,379
The Netherlands2,547
Belgium-Luxembourg515
France287
United Kingdom257
The United States of America222
Switzerland203
Ethiopia137

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results (1999) ( http://www.fao.org )

Spain imported in 1999 twenty-five tons, which means the 14th position in the world-wide imports.

World-wide imports in 1999 amounted to 40,607 thousand dollars. Germany was the country with greater economic investment in its imports, followed by Austria and Denmark. The following table includes the ten first countries with greater capital investment in their imports.

CountryThousand dollars
Germany16,544
Austria10,398
Denmark4,120
The Netherlands2,757
France1,281
The United States of America1,248
Belgium-Luxembourg1,615
United Kingdom1,033
Switzerland372
Spain204

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results (1999) ( http://www.fao.org )

10,361 tons of currants of all types were exported in the world according to data from 1999 of the FAO. This table shows the exports of the different continents.

ContinentTons
Africa247
Asia6
Europe9,918
North and Central America135
Oceania2
South America50

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results (1999) ( http://www.fao.org )

The continent with greater amount of currants of all types exported in the world in 1999 was Europe, with 9,918 t.

The main exporters are, in the first place, the Czech Republic, Germany and Belgium-Luxembourg. The ten first world-wide exporters are included in the following table:

CountryTons
Czech Rep.4,154
Germany1,689
Belgium-Luxembourg1,148
Austria837
France790
Denmark588
The Netherlands277
Zimbabwe247
Ireland222
The United States of America135

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results (1999) ( http://www.fao.org )

The world-wide exports in 1999 totalled 13,844 thousand dollars. Spain invested 9 thousand dollars in its exports. The country with a larger investment in its exports was Belgium-Luxembourg, followed by the Czech Republic and Germany. The following table shows the ten first countries with greater capital intended for exports.

CountryThousand dollars
Belgium-Luxembourg2,680
CzechRep.2,598
Germany2,275
The Netherlands2,011
France1,093
Austria1,020
Denmark836
Zimbabwe550
Ireland224
Italy173

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results (1999) ( http://www.fao.org )
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