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Savoy cabbage, Brassica oleracea var. sabauda / Cruciferae (Brassicaceae)
Savoy cabbage is original from the Mediterranean basin. At present it is cultivated in northern latitudes like the former Soviet Union.

There are data including the two species of cabbage: Brassica oleracea var. capitata (varieties of cabbage of even leaves, headed cabbage, pointed cabbage, red cabbage, white-cabbage) and Brasica oleracea var.bullata (curly cabbage or Savoy cabbage).

These two species total an annual production of 343,600 t in Spain; numerous Spanish provinces take part in the production. However, most of the production comes from Pontevedra and Valencia. 67% of this production is intended for trade in fresh in the domestic market. Exports only represent 1% of the total production (MAPA 1991). Yields are between 25 and 50 tons per hectare.

There is no specific data on this species (Savoy cabbage) and therefore the global figures of cabbages are shown in the following table. In 1998 the world-wide production of cabbages amounted to 48,241 thousand tons. The distribution of the world-wide production by continents was divided in the following way:

ContinentThousand tons
Africa905
Asia31,704
Europe12,254
North America2,722
Oceania99
South America557
Total48,241

Source: FAO Production Yearbook (1998)

Asia is the main producer of cabbages in the world, followed by the European continent. The main producers are:

CountryThousand tons
China16,916
India4,200
Russia3,120
Korea2,895
Japan2,700
The USA2,223
Poland2,020
Indonesia1,156
Ukraine980
Uzbekistan865

Source: FAO Production Yearbook (1998)

The main producer of cabbages (in general) is China, with 16,916 thousand tons, followed by India and Russia.
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