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Passion fruit, Passiflora edulis / Passifloraceae
The purple and yellow passion fruit are native to Brazil. They were already cultivated by the Aztecs, who prepared refreshments and drinks with them. It was introduced to Europe in 1629 thanks to the Spanish Jesuit missionaries. This fruit is intensely cultivated in Hawaii, Australia, South Africa, Venezuela, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador and Colombia. The sweet granadilla is cultivated all over South America, as well as in Hawaii and Kenya. The giant granadilla is mainly cultivated in the Andean area of South America and in Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia. The cholupa is cultivated in South America. Finally, the banana passion fruit has a Colombian origin, from the Andean area.

The United Nations Agriculture and Food Organization (FAO) gathers the production and export data of different tropical fruit, among which are the carambola, cherimoya, feijoa, guava, mangosteen, passion fruit, rambutan, sapote, etc.

The main continent producing tropical fruit is Asia, amounting for 83% of the total production. In South America we find a small part of this production, whereas in the rest of the world the production is scarce.

ContinentTons%
Africa406,2703
Asia12,736,17383
Europe25,000-
North America366,3902
South America1,766,65012
Oceania30,826-
Total15,331,309100

Tropical fruit
Source: FAO Production Yearbook, 2000

The main producing countries are the Asian: India, the Philippines, Indonesia and China. The table also shows, among the 10 main producers, some of the South America countries.

CountryTons
India3,700,000
The Philippines3,600,000
Indonesia2,000,000
China1,675,192
Colombia1,120,000
Thailand704,000
Pakistan468,500
Brazil335,000
Bangladesh267,000
Peru253,179

Tropical fruit
Source: FAO Production Yearbook, 2000

The main producer is Malaysia, followed by the United States and Kenya. The following table shows the 10 main tropical fruits export countries:

CountryTons
Malaysia52,412
The United States28,269
Kenya10,592
Thailand5,542
Indonesia4,794
Egypt4,081
Madagascar3,642
Yemen2,953
China2,914
Australia2,897

Tropical fruit
Source:FAOTradeYearbook,2000
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