The name ‘passion fruit’ includes various species of edible fruit of the genus Passiflora. They are distinguished by the type of fruit they bear, which have different size, colour and taste. The most important are the purple passion fruit, the yellow passion fruit, the sweet granadilla, the giant granadilla, cholupa and the banana passionfruit.
Purple passion fruit or granadilla: it belongs to the species Passiflora edulis edulis. It is the most well-known species in Europe. The fruit has the shape and size of a round egg, between 4-8cm of diameter and 40g of weight. The skin is hard and thick, and it wrinkles when ripe. The colour ranges from dark purple to violet. The pulp is of orange or greenish colour, having various edible seeds. It has a jelly texture and bittersweet taste; it is fleshy and refreshing.
Yellow passion fruit: its scientific name is Passiflora edulis flavicarpa and it is the most well-known at world-wide level. It is similar to the previous species, although they have different skin colour and size; in this case, it is of yellowish colour and it may weigh 90g.
Sweet Granadilla (Passiflora ligularis): it is an oval-shaped fruit, 11cm long, pointed in one of its tips. The skin is of yellowish or orange colour. The pulp is of pale or grayish colour, with a less acid flavour.
Giant granadilla: its scientific name is Passiflora quadrangularis. It is a thick and elongate fruit that may reach 26cm of length. The skin is thick, with multiple protuberances. It is quite tasteless when compared to the rest of species.
Cholupa, chulupa or gulupa: Passiflora pinnatistipula. It is very similar to the yellow passion fruit. The skin is of yellowish green or reddish-brown colour, and the pulp is yellowish, carrying many seeds.
Banana passionfruit (Passiflora mollisima): it is an oval and lengthy fruit, 10cm long. The skin is yellow or red according to the variety. The pulp is of yellow or orange colour, sweet and slightly acid taste.