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Pineapple, Ananas comosus / Bromeliaceae
Pineapples are probably original from Paraguay, from where the Spanish and Portuguese settlers introduced them into Europe. Its culture has been stimulated in several countries of Africa and the U.S.A.

The most recent sources obtained from the FAO are dated in 2000; the world-wide production was 13,455,362 t. In the previous year, 13,442,000 t of pineapple were produced in the world, practically the same amount than in 2000.

In 1998, the world-wide production was 12,100,000 t (in 2000 there was an increase in production) and it was distributed in the following way, according to the FAO Production Yearbook:

ContinentThousand tons
Africa1,997
Asia6,214
Europe2
North and Central America1,383
Oceania145
South America2,359
Total23,455

Source: FAO Production Yearbook (1998)

As it is observed, the main producer is Asia followed by South America and Africa.

The production in 1999 by continents was as follows:

ContinentTons
Africa2,189,000
Asia6,895,000
Europe2,000
North and Central America1,587,000
Oceania145,000
South America2,684,000
Total13,442,000

Source: Fresh Produce Deskbook (2001)

The ten main world-wide countries producing pineapple are:

CountryTons
Thailand2,280,959
The Philippines1,495,120
Brazil1,353,480
China1,318,450
India1,100,000
Nigeria881,000
Colombia407,753
Costa Rica400,000
The United States of America319,300
Kenya280,000

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results (2000) ( http://www.fao.org )

The main producing country is Thailand (2,280,959 t), followed by the Philippines, Brazil and China.

According to the FAO’s data of 1999 1,031,980 tons were imported in the world. The chief import countries are in first place the United States of America, France and Japan. The ten main import countries are shown in the following table:

CountryTons
The United States of America283,090
France168,211
Japan89,866
Belgium-Luxembourg87,799
Italy74,366
Germany60,931
Spain39,440
Canada32,507
United Kingdom30,903
The Netherlands24,222

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results (1999) ( http://www.fao.org )

In 1999, Spain imported thirty nine thousand four hundred and forty tons, occupying the seventh place in world imports.

Imports in 1999 amounted to 584,901 thousand dollars. The United States of America was the biggest economical contributor, followed by France and Belgium-Luxembourg. The following table shows the ten main countries with greater capital contribution concerning imports.

CountryThousand dollars
The United States of America145,206
France89,588
Belgium-Luxembourg54,639
Italy49,329
Germany45,409
Japan44,007
Spain25,916
Canada21,149
United Kingdom20,241
Switzerland13,143

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results (1999) ( http://www.fao.org )

Spain is also occupying the seventh place with 25,916 thousand dollars.

1,051,706 tons of pineapple are exported world-wide, according to FAO’s data for 1999. The main export countries are Costa Rica, the Ivory Coast and the Philippines. The ten main countries exporting this fruit are shown in the following table:

CountryTons
Costa Rica353,000
Ivory Coast183,000
The Philippines127,682
France108,172
Belgium-Luxembourg68,362
The United States of America31,521
The Netherlands23,456
Ghana21,849
México19,612
Malaysia19,086

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results (1999) ( http://www.fao.org )

Spain exported in 1999 four thousand four hundred and seventy four tons.

The world-wide exports in 1999 represented 422,736 thousand dollars. Costa Rica was the country with greater contribution, followed by France and the Ivory Coast. The following table includes the ten first countries with greater capital contribution in exports.

CountryThousand dollars
Costa Rica132,000
France63,926
Ivory Coast51,000
Belgium-Luxembourg46,008
The Philippines22,814
The United States of America22,128
The Netherlands19,349
Ghana11,593
Italy10,369
México7,032

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results (1999) ( http://www.fao.org )

In 1999, Spain obtained 3,232 thousand dollars from the pineapple exports.

961,409 tons of tinned pineapple are imported world-wide, according to the FAO’s data in 1999. The main import countries are the United States of America, Germany and Japan. The ten first world-wide import countries are included in the following table:

CountryTons
The United States of America341,807
Germany110,869
Japan47,158
United Kingdom52,122
The Netherlands49,579
Spain34,442
Canada31,722
France30,251
Italy26,270
China20,788

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results (1999) ( http://www.fao.org )

In 1999, Spain imported thirty four thousand four hundred and forty two tons of tinned pineapple which placed it in the sixth position of the world-wide ranking.

The world imports of tinned pineapple in 1999 resulted in 825,499 thousand dollars.

In 1999, 1,060,416 t of tinned pineapple were exported in the world, representing 675,520 thousand dollars. The main export countries are shown in the following table:

CountryTons
Thailand486,260
The Philippines183,425
Indonesia136,115
Kenya51,626
Singapore38,211
China35,315
The Netherlands31,354
South Africa20,993
Germany13,446
Vietnam10,000

Source: Faostat Database Results (1999) ( http://www.fao.org )

In 1999, the Spanish exports of tinned pineapple totalled 1,460 t, representing 1,682 thousand dollars.

Regarding Spain, the pineapple culture is totally centred in the Canary Islands. The Spanish production is intended for fresh consumption, although it is also consumed in tinned slices and juice. There are no commercial nurseries in the country; a moderate increase of production is expected in the Canary Islands, extending the surface up to 400 has for market sale. In 1995 the production obtained in the Canary Islands totalled 1,300 t; the surface cultivated was 80 has. Small consignments are exported to Portugal.
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