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Strawberry, Fragaria vesca var. hortensis / Rosaceae
Strawberry
Wild strawberries are native to the Alps and they are well-known since the prehistoric period. The large strawberry is a variety of strawberry that comes from two American species that were mixed in Europe.

The surface intended for strawberry culture in Spain in 1995 was 9,000 ha, representing 313,000 t of production.

The world production in 1999 was 2,987,000 t. The distribution by continents in 1999 was as follows:

ContinentThousand tons
Africa69
Asia497
Europe1,369
North America954
Oceania21
South America77
Total2,987

Source: Fresh Produce Deskbook 2001
Data: 1999

More recent data show that the production in 2000 surpassed that of 1999. 3,110,186 t of strawberries were produced in 2000. The main countries producing strawberries in 2000 were:

CountryTons
The United States of America822,800
Spain396,400
Italy208,599
Poland169,000
México166,430
Japan164,200
Korea152,481
Russia128,000
Turkey10,000
Germany109,194

Source: Faostat Database Results. (2000).( http://www.fao.org )

The leader in world-wide production is the United States of America followed by Spain. Spain is the leading European country in strawberry production, being this centred in Huelva.

Concerning imports, 473,949 t of this fruit were imported world-wide in 1999. Import by continents were as follows:

ContinentTons
Africa161
Asia10,424
Europe368,630
North and Central America94,403
Oceania164
South America167
Total473,949

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results (1999).( http://www.fao.org )

The ten main import countries are shown in the following table:

CountryTons
Germany133,650
France80,987
Canada45,678
The United States of America43,001
Belgium-Luxembourg24,729
United Kingdom23,512
Austria23,336
Italy22,643
The Netherlands16,397
Switzerland13,073

Source: Faostat Database Results (1999). ( http://www.fao.org )

In 1999, Germany was the country with a greater amount of strawberries import in the world. Spain imported 2,667 t in 1999. Export by continents were as follows:

ContinentTons
Africa17,385
Asia10,990
Europe368,309
North and Central America104,398
Oceania2,784
South America588
Total504,454

Source: Faostat Database Results (1999). ( http://www.fao.org )

As shown in the table, Europe was the continent with greater amount of strawberries exported, followed by North America and Central America. The European production fully surpasses that of the rest of continents.

The ten main export countries are shown in the following table:

CountryTons
Spain214,171
The United States of America57,500
Italy45,666
Mexico44,918
Belgium-Luxembourg36,302
Poland24,437
Morocco16,396
France16,243
The Netherlands14,890
Turkey8,098

Source: Faostat Database Results (1999). ( http://www.fao.org )

As shown in the table, Spain is the main exporter in the world (with a remarkable difference with the rest of countries). 214,171 t were exported in 1999. The increase of strawberry export in Spain from 1982 to present time has been spectacular, from 14,500 t to 171,500 t in 1998; it also increased in 1999.

The total surface dedicated to strawberry culture in Spain is 9,000 has and the estimated production in 1999 by communities was the following:

AreaHectaresTons
Huelva7,800280,000
Barcelona60014,000
Others60019,000
TOTAL9,000313,000

Source: La Horticultura Española (2001) Sech.

Practically all the Spanish production is centred in the province of Huelva, representing a great achievement for the productive sector. The Spanish production is intended for fresh consumption for the domestic and European market. Only 10-20% of the national production is intended for industrial processing.
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