www.interempresas.net
  Fruits Vegetables
es en ca
 
Avocado, Persea americana / Lauraceae
Avocado
Archaeological research indicates that avocados were found in Mexico in 8000 B.C. and in Peru towards 3000-4000 B.C. The area of origin is not exactly known, given the existence of several wild populations, but it is thought to be the region around the south of Mexico and Colombia. The Spanish name "aguacate’ comes from the Aztec "ahuacatl".

According to data obtained from the FAO dating from 1998, the world-wide production of avocados was of 2,325,000 t and it was distributed by continents in the following way:

ContinentThousand tons
Africa191
Asia264
Europe65
North and Central America1,374
Oceania28
South America404
Total2,325

Source: FAO Production Yearbook (1998)

As shown in the table, the main producers are North and Central with America with 1,374,000 t. Oceania and Europe are the continents with an annual smaller amount of avocado production.

Two years later, in 2000, the world-wide production of avocado has remained within the same margins. According to data from the FAO, 2,336,765 t were obtained world-wide. The ten main world-wide producers of avocados in the world appear in the following table:

CountryTons
Mexico939,118
The United States of America164,500
Indonesia121,822
Chile100,000
Brazil80,000
Colombia75,000
Peru75,000
Spain68,000
South Africa64,000
China58,000

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results (2000) ( http://www.fao.org )

The main producing country is Mexico (939,118 t), followed by the United States, Indonesia and Chile as main producers in 2000 according to FAO data. Spain occupies the eighth place of the world-wide production, with 68,000 t.

272,217 tons of avocados are imported in the world, according to FAO data from 1999. The distribution of imports by continents is shown in the following table:

ContinentTons
Africa1,030
Asia12,429
Europe167,113
North and Central America78,152
Oceania4,576
South America8,917

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results (1999) ( http://www.fao.org )

The continent with larger imports is Europe; in 1999 the amount was 167,113 tons.

The main import countries are, in the first place, France with 83,156 t of avocados. The ten first world-wide import countries are included in the following table:

CountryTons
France83,156
The United States of America55,185
United Kingdom18,503
The Netherlands17,622
Germany12,877
Canada9,884
Belgium-Luxembourg9,478
Colombia8,196
El Salvador7,887
Japan7,491

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results (1999) ( http://www.fao.org )

Spain imported in 1999 two thousands nine hundred and twenty-one tons, which placed it in the 16th position of the world-wide imports.

World-wide imports in 1999 amounted to 390,753 thousand dollars. France was the country with a greater amount of money supplied from its imports, followed by the United States of America and the United Kingdom. The following table includes the ten first countries with a larger amount of money supplied from their imports.

CountryThousand dollars
France122,710
The United States of America85,697
United Kingdom30,863
The Netherlands27,152
Germany18,829
Japan18,768
Belgium-Luxembourg15,628
Canada11,347
Australia10,669
Sweden7,694

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results (1999) ( http://www.fao.org )

Spain occupies the eleventh position with 5,323 thousand dollars in its imports.

278,694 tons of avocados are exported world-wide, according to FAO data from 1999. The table shows the exports of the different continents.

ContinentTons
Africa34,810
Asia32,073
Europe81,934
North and Central America79,516
Oceania7,957
South America42,404

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results (1999) ( http://www.fao.org )

The continent with a larger amount of avocados exported in the world in 1999 was Europe, followed by North and Central America. Europe exported 79,516 t and North and Central America exported 79,516 t.

The chief exporters are in the first place Mexico, Spain and Chile. The ten first world-wide exporting countries are shown in the following table:

CountryTons
Mexico55,402
Spain37,301
Chile34,788
South Africa34,483
Israel31,938
France17,784
The Netherlands16,450
The United States of America12,735
Dominican Republic9,200
Belgium-Luxembourg7,864

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results (1999) ( http://www.fao.org )

Spain exported in 1999 thirty seven thousand three hundred and one tons, representing the second place in the world-wide exports.

World-wide exports in 1999 amounted to 360,991 thousand dollars. Spain was the third country with larger economical contribution in exports. The chief country was Chile, followed by Mexico. The following table includes the ten first countries with larger capital contribution in their exports.

CountryThousand dollars
Chile90,500
Mexico58,622
Spain50,137
Israel36,539
France26,432
The Netherlands24,664
New Zealand15,562
The United States of America15,538
South Africa15,199
Belgium-Luxembourg12,866

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results (1999) ( http://www.fao.org )

Spain is the main producer of avocado in the European Union, with an annual production of 47,000 t, representing 97.9% of the EU production. Greece is the other country producing avocados in the UE, but it only produces 1,000 t, representing 2.1% of the EU (European Union) production.
Interempresas Media, S.L. / 2019 [ Legal notice | Política de Protección de Datos | Política de cookies | Publicidad]