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Cherry, Prunus avium / Rosaceae
Cherry
It is thought that the origin of the cherry is in some areas of Europe. Countries such as the U.S.A. or Germany are important producers. More than 2,000,000 tons a year are produced all over the world.

The origin of such a delicious fruit is not clear, although it is thought that sweet cherries comes from the region between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. The acid cherry originated most probably around the Swiss Alps and the Adriatic Sea. Nevertheless, some texts have been texts in China from the Antiquity, where they describe a fruit similar to the cherry. Maybe the origin of the cherries must be located in this country, being the Romans or Greeks the ones who brought this culture to our lands.

The 10 main producing countries are: Iran, the U.S.A., Turkey, Italy, Germany, Spain, Lebanon, Rumania, France and the Russian Federation.

ProductionTons
Iran229,079
The U.S.A.203,600
Turkey195,000
Italy147,608
Germany133,000
Spain111,400
Lebanon87,000
Rumania76,000
France71,400
Russian Federation55,000


Source: FAO, ( http://www.fao.org )
Total production, acid and sweet cherries.

ExportsTonsDolars (1000 $)
The U.S.A.36,016148,529
Turkey26,56438,390
Spain18,37232,594
Italy10,48922,024
France8,90718,184
Greece7,43012,153
Syria6,8206,706
Chile6,81624,800
Austria5,55110,464
Czech Republic5,3053,344


Source: FAO, ( http://www.fao.org )
Total production, acid and sweet cherries.

As it is shown with the location of the maximum producers, cherries are produced both in warm and cold countries.

The world production of sweet and acid cherries in 1990 surpassed 2,000,000 of tons.

Not all the cherries that are produced in a given country will be consumed in the place of origin. Sometimes, a certain quantity is exported or imported. Some countries with great production need other varieties different from the ones they produce to process jam, stewed fruit, garnish...
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