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Blackberry, Rubus fruticosus / Rosaceae
The blackberry is known since the old times. It is thought tube native to Europe and Asia, although there exist multiple species from other origins. The common species, Rubusulmifolius, comes from the west and center of Europe and North Africa. It was well-known by the Greeks and the Romans.

Regarding production, the FAO gathers in the same group all the different cultures produced for their berries, among which we find the blackberries. The continent with greater production is Asia, with 72% of the total world-wide production, followed by Europe.

ContinentTons%
Africa2,6001
Asia204,50072
Europe39,56514
North America28,65010
South America4,1801
Oceania4,3002
Total283,795100
Berries(*)
Source: FAO Production Yearbook, 2000

The main producing countries are Asian: Turkey, Afghanistan, China and Iran. In the fifth place we find the United States. The 10 countries with greater production of berries, including blueberries, are regarded in the following table.

CountryTons
Turkey72,000
Afghanistan57,000
China26,000
Iran25,000
United States22,000
Latvia14,000
Vietnam12,500
Bangladesh7,000
Mexico5,700
Austria5,000

Berries(*)
Source: FAO Production Yearbook, 2000

The main export countries are Canada and the United States, followed by Rumania and Mexico. The table shows the 10 main exporters of berries:

CountryTons
Canada29,061
United States6,839
Rumania4,319
Mexico3,051
Guatemala2,552
Israel1,899
Germany797
Finland777
Czech Republic722
The Netherlands603

Berries(*)
Source:FAO Trade Yearbook, 2000

(*)Berries: Including Interalia: blackberry (Morusnigra); loganberry; white, red mulberry (M.alba;M.rubra); myrtleberry (Myrtus communis) huckleberry, dangleberry (Gaylussaciaspp.)
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