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Kiwi, Actinidia chinensis / Actinidiaceae
Kiwi
Kiwi is native to China but it became a highly appreciated product in New Zealand.

The world-wide production amounts to 1,000,000 t; Italy is the first producing and exporting country, followed by New Zealand. In Spain it is chiefly cultivated in Galicia.

Kiwis are native to the subtropical areas, more specifically from China and, according to some authors, they also originated in the area of the Himalayas and Southern Japan. In 1900 the kiwi plant was introduced in England and six years later in New Zealand, as an ornamental plant. Little by little, the plant gained prestige and was grown in the 1930’s until it became one of the most appreciated products of New Zealand. Later on, it spread to Europe; in 1971 it was introduced in Italy and shortly after in Spain. Therefore, the cultivation of kiwis in Europe is quite recent.

The world-wide production amounts to 1.000.000t. The distribution by continents is the following:

ContinentTons
Africa-
Asia54,855
Europe492,992
North America24,500
Oceania220,200
South America145,000
Total1,000,000

Source: FAO Production Yearbook (2000)

The main producing countries are Italy and New Zealand. The 10 first producing countries are:

CountryTons
Italy352,892
New Zealand217,000
Chile145,000
France72,000
Greece45,000
Japan37,800
The USA24,500
Korea15,000
Spain13,800
Portugal9,000

Source: FAO Production Yearbook (2000)

The 10 first import countries are the following:

CountryTons
Belgium-Luxembourg88,107
Germany84,794
Spain69,685
The USA44,740
Japan41,249
The Netherlands40,606
Italy31,673
France29,202
United Kingdom27,302
Poland24,496

Source: FAO Trade YearbookThe ten first export countries are:

In Spain, the output amounts to 13,000 t; the regions with greater importance in the production of kiwis are Galicia, Asturias and País Vasco.

AreaHectaresTons
Galicia5007,500
Asturias1201,500
País Vasco1001,200
Cataluña50850
Andalucía60750
Cantabria35450
Navarra25400
Extremadura15300
Other15250
Total92013,200

Source: La Horticultura Española (2001)
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