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Loquat, Eriobotrya japonica / Rosaceae
The loquat is native to the Far East, where it was used as an ornamental tree in the orchards and gardens. It is thought to come from the south of China, from where it was introduced in Japan. In these two countries there are already quotations on this species during the VIth century. From Japan it was introduced to Europe and Africa; it arrived at the Old Continent in the middle of the XVIIIth century.

The United Nations Agriculture and Food Organization (FAO) gathers the production and export data of the loquat, along with some other fruit of scarce economical interest, like carambola, cherimoya, feijoa, guava, mangosteen, passion fruit, rambutan, sapote, etc.

The continent with greater production of tropical fruit is Asia, standing for 83% of the total production. Some of it is also cultivated in South America, whereas in the rest of the world there is a scarce production.

ContinentTons%
Africa406,2703
Asia12,736,17383
Europe25,000-
North America366,3902
South America1,766,65012
Oceania30,826-
Total15,331,309100

Source: FAO Production Yearbook, 2000 *

The countries with larger production of tropical fruit are the Asian: India, the Philippines, Indonesia and China. Some South American countries are also included among the 10 main producers.

CountryTons
India3,700,000
The Philippines3,600,000
Indonesia2,000,000
China1,675,192
Colombia1,120,000
Thailand704,000
Pakistan468,500
Brazil335,000
Bangladesh267,000
Peru253,179

Source: FAO Production Yearbook, 2000 *

The main export country is Malaysia, followed by the United States and Kenya. The following table shows the 10 main exporters of tropical fruit:

CountryTons
Malaysia52,412
The United States28,269
Kenya10,592
Thailand5,542
Indonesia4,794
Egypt4,081
Madagascar3,642
Yemen2,953
China2,914
Australia2,897

Source: FAO Trade Yearbook, 2000 *

* Data referring to several species like carambola, cherimoya, litchi, feijoa, guava, mangosteen, passion fruit, rambutan and sapote.
Interempresas Media, S.L. / 2019 [ Legal notice | Política de Protección de Datos | Política de cookies | Publicidad]