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Raspberry, Rubus idaeus / Rosaceae
Raspberry is native to Europe; it is thought that its original from Greece, known and highly appreciated since the old times. From there it spread to Italy, the Netherlands, England and soon after to North America.

In 2000, the world-wide production amounted to 355,099 t surpassing the figures of the previous year, that amounted to 351,000 t. The distribution by continents in 1999 in raspberry production was:

ContinentTons
Africa0
Asia1,000
Europe296,000
North America53,000
Oceania1,000
South America0
Total351,000

Source: Fresh Produce Deskbook 2001

As shown in the table, the raspberry production is chiefly a European activity, although there is an off-season trade for fresh produce.

A year later, in 2000, the production was practically the same as in 1999 and its distribution by continents was as follows:

ContinentTons
Africa0
Asia1,200
Europe297,699
North and Central America54,600
Oceania1,400
South America0
Total355,099

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results (2000) ( http://www.fao.org )

The chief producers of raspberries in 2000 were:

CountryTons
Russia102,000
Yugoslavia54,000
Poland39,000
The United States of America38,500
Germany30,000
Ukraine22,000
Hungary18,000
Canada14,500
United Kingdom12,700
France7,000

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results ( http://www.fao.org )

The main producer is Russia with 102,000 t, followed by Yugoslavia with 54,000 t. In 2000 Spain reached a production of 1,200 t of raspberries. Countries like Poland, Chile and Argentina have an off-season production for the N hemisphere markets and practically all the production is frozen; the output of Central America is intended for selling in fresh in the United States.

Concerning imports, 63,747 t of this fruit were imported in the world, meaning a capital employ of 36,397 thousand dollars.

The ten main world-wide import countries in 1999 are shown in the table below:

CountryTons
Austria7,936
Germany7,430
The United States of America6,037
The Netherlands5,142
Belgium-Luxembourg2,943
France2,344
United Kingdom1,399
Italy737
Switzerland686
Hungary433

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results (1999) ( http://www.fao.org )

In 1999 Austria was the country with larger import of raspberries in the world. The Spanish imports amounted to 39 t in 1999.

In 1999, 40,836 t of raspberries were exported world-wide. amounting to 60,868 thousand dollars.

The ten main world-wide export countries are shown in the following table:

Country:;Tons
Poland20,000
Hungary5,483
Canada3,935
Chile3,423
Germany1,918
Yugoslavia1,700
Spain1,625
Australia725
The Netherlands499
France381

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results (1999) ( http://www.fao.org )

As it is observed in the table, Poland is the main exporter (with a remarkable difference in respect to the rest of countries) in the world. In 1999, 20,000 t of raspberries were exported from that country. The Spanish exports in 1999 totalled 1,625 t, placing this country in the seventh position of the world-wide ranking and meaning a capital investment of 10,564 thousand dollars, the second highest amount of money invested in the world, after Poland.

In 1999, the total Spanish area dedicated to this crop was 347 ha, with an output of 3,120 t. The production estimated in 1999 by communities was as follows:

AreaHectaresTons
Huelva1601,500
Cáceres90900
Granada30300
Asturias30200
Lugo25150
Pontevedra740
Coruña530
TOTAL3473,120

Source: La Horticultura Española (2001), SECH, Sociedad Española de Ciencias Hortícolas

Practically all the Spanish production of raspberries is centred in the province of Huelva. The cultivation of these crops in Spain was introduced by different official organisms and private companies at the end of the 60’s in Asturias and Extremadura (Cáceres), in the 80’s in Andalucía (Granada) and Galicia (Lugo) and once more during the 90’s in Andalucía (Huelva).

At present, the economic value of this crop in Spain is irrelevant as compared with the rest of crops such as citrus, pome and stone fruit trees, etc. However, it has an interesting perspective of future thanks to the supply-demand diversification, its high added value and as a complementary alternative to traditional agriculture.

In order to face the demand of this sector, greater amounts of raspberries are gradually imported. Fresh produce is imported in order to supply the small selective demand uncovered by national production, whereas the frozen or processed production covers the demand of food industry.
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