www.interempresas.net
  Fruits Vegetables
es en ca
 
Red currant, Ribes rubrum / Saxifragaceae (Grossulariaceae)
Currants have been consumed wild since prehistory. They are native to different areas of Europe and Asia, although at present they are cultivated chiefly in Europe.

The currants are original from mountainous areas, where they grew in the stony sites, among the weeds. It is thought that they were already consumed by the Palaeolithic people, who collected them from wild plants. The red currant is original from western Europe.

During the Middle Ages, red currants were highly valued by doctors, but it was not until the XVth century that its systematic culture began. They were used to flavour and to colour soft wines.

During the XVIIIth century it was already eaten as dessert fruit. Later on, after multiple crosses and selections, in central Asia they obtained a currant which was very similar to the current ones.

Almost the totality of currants (black, red, gooseberries, etc.) are produced in Europe, cultivating 99% of the total production. In the rest of the continents they are hardly cultivated.

ContinentTons%
Africa290-
Asia480-
Europe609,11899
Oceania3,3001
Total613,188100

Source: FAO Production Yearbook, 2000

Among the countries with larger production, the first one is Russia, resulting in a third part of the world-wide production of all types of currant. It is followed by Poland and Germany, all of them with cold climate, a necessary characteristic for this species.

CountryTons
Russia208,000
Poland145,000
Germany140,000
Czech Republic22,792
Austria19,537
Ukraine18,500
United Kingdom11,000
France8,500
Hungary8,000
Denmark5,000

Source: FAO Production Yearbook, 2000

The following table shows the 10 chief export countries of all currant species, being the Czech Republic, Germany and Belgium the leaders.

CountryTons
Czech Republic4,154
Germany1,689
Belgium-Luxembourg1,148
Austria837
France790
Denmark588
The Netherlands277
Zimbabwe247
Ireland222
USA135

Source: FAO Trade Yearbook, 2000
Interempresas Media, S.L. / 2019 [ Legal notice | Política de Protección de Datos | Política de cookies | Publicidad]