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Broccoli, Brassica oleracea var. italica / Brassicaceae
The broccoli is original from Italy, from where it spreaded to other parts of the world. It is mainly produced in the United States, where it is very appreciated, like in some European countries such as France, Italy, England and The Netherlands.

The broccoli is original from Italy, although its popularity comes from the United States, where it is more important than the cauliflower. It probably derives from a type with many leaves and grafted, that bore several small heads, without a defined main head.

In western Europe it is a very appreciated vegetable. The main producing and consuming countries are Italy, France, The Netherlands and England. In Spain, the production is scarce, although its culture is increasing and every time it is more and more consumed.

The FAO gathers the data of production, export and import of cauliflower and broccoli all together. The main producing countries are India, China, Italy and France.

The production per continents is:

Continent
Thousand tons%
Africa2612
Asia10,88976
Europe2,19715
North America6485
Oceania1731
South America721
Total14,240100


Source: FAO Production Yearbook, 2000

The 10 main producing countries are:

Country
Thousand tons
India5,000
China4,382
Italy528
France500
Spain352
The United States294
Poland286
United Kingdom219
Pakistan189
Germany157


Source: FAO Production Yearbook, 2000

The 10 main exporting countries are:

Country
Thousand tons
France200
Spain197
The United States86
Italy81
México54
Guatemala31
Australia29
Jordan20
China16
Belgium-Luxembourg13


Source: FAO Trade Yearbook, 1999

The 10 main import countries are:

Country
Thousand tons
United Kingdom105
Germany88
Canada40
France39
The Netherlands35
China29
Belgium-Luxembourg22
Malaysia18
Italy12
Singapur11


Source: FAO TradeYearbook, 1999
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