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Brussels sprouts, Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera / Cruciferae (Brassicaceae)
Brussels sprouts were first cultivated in Belgium, as its name indicates, from where they spread to the rest of the world. They are widely cultivated in different European, Asian and American countries.

Its culture began in the XVIIIth century. From Belgium they spreaded to the rest of Europe and the world. At present it is produced in the United Kingdom, Belgium, The Netherlands, Italy and France among other countries, including the United States and China.

The production, export and import data of the FAO for the term " cabbages’ includes all the Brassicas oleraceas except for broccoli and cauliflower (headed cabbage, Chinese cabbage, red cabbage, Savoy cabbage, Brussels sprouts and kohlrabi). The main producing countries are China, Russia, India and Korea.

The world production is:

Continent
Thousand tons%
Africa9052
Asia31,70465
Europe12,25425
North America2,7226
Oceania991
South America5571
Total48,241100


Source: FAO Production Yearbook, 1998

The 10 main producing countries are:

Country
Thousand tons
China19,953
Russian Federation4,500
India4,200
Korea2,755
Japan2,550
The United States2,084
Poland1,778
Indonesia1,401
Ukraine1,070
Rumania1,000


Source: FAO Production Yearbook, 2000

The 10 main exporters are:

Country
Tons
The United States213
The Netherlands164
Poland87
China86
Italy66
Spain57
Indonesia36
Canada36
Germany28
Mexico20


Source: FAO Trade Yearbook, 1999

The 10 main importers are:
CountryTons
Russian Federation180
Germany159
Japan133
Canada126
The United States107
China89
Malaysia41
France37
The Netherlands36
Singapur33
Source: FAO Trade Yearbook, 1999
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