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Nectarine, Prunus persica var. nectarina / Rosaceae
There exists a wide range of varieties that are cultivated everywhere in the world. The colour of the skin ranges from bright red to orange. The stone may be adhered or not to the pulp.

The culture of nectarines has raised in the last few years a world-wide enormous interest among the fruit producers.

Below are described the most representative varieties. Among the most important stand out "Armking", "Sunred", "Maygrand", "Red June", "Morton", "Nectared 2", "Early Sungrand", "Rhone Gold", "Independence", "Silver Lode", "Moon Grand", "Nectared 5", "Nectared 4", "Stark Sunglo", "Sungrand", "Flavortop", "Stark Red Gold", "Fantasia", "Nectared 6", "Le Grand", "Nectared 8", "Nectared 9".

A way to classify all these varieties is according to the type of flower they bear, thus for example within the group of the rosaceous flowers we find the varieties Early Sungrand, "Red June’, and " Nectared 6 ". The Armking variety would belong to the group of the campanulate flowers.

The texture of the nectarine meat is similar to that of the plum, of yellow colour and reddish inside, where the meat is next to the stone. Nevertheless, according to the varieties and the area of production, these characteristics may change.

Some varieties are:

" Armking"
Fruit of average size, of rounded to lengthy shape, sometimes slightly irregular, of orange-red colour. The pulp is yellow, moderately firm, of slightly acid taste and with a semi-adhered stone.

" Sunred"
Average to small-sized fruit, rounded, of bright red colour and yellow pulp.

" Maygrand"
The fruit has good size, of slightly elliptical shape and red-coloured. It is one of the most early varieties that exist.

" Red June’
The fruit of this variety is of average to small size, practically spherical, of a dark red colour covering the whole of the surface. The pulp is yellow with red streaks, firm and of somewhat acid flavour.

" Morton"
The size of the fruit is rather small, round-shaped, of an intense red colour that covers all the surface. The pulp is of white colour. This fruit is one of the few commercial varieties with this characteristic.

" Nectared 2 "
This fruit is of average thickness, spherical, of a vivid red colour that covers three quarters of the surface. The pulp is yellow and not very firm.

" Early Sungrand"
Mean-sized fruit, oval, of bright red colour. The pulp is yellow with red streaks, firm and with a large stone.

" Rhone Gold"
Big fruit, of intense and bright red colour. The pulp is of orange-yellow colour and of middling quality taste.

" Independence’
The fruit is of average size and oval shape, of bright red colour, yellow pulp with red streaks, good taste and large stone.

" Silver Lode’
Small fruit, rounded, of bright red colour all over the surface, of white colour pulp and optimal taste.

" Moon Grand"
Mean to average-small size. Very elongate shape, intense red colour all over the surface. The pulp is yellow, with red streaks and good taste.

" Nectared 5 "
The fruit is of average thickness, spherical, of intense yellow-coloured pulp, firm and of good taste. It has an irregular production; for this reason, the producers prefer the variety Nectared 4, that matures at the same time, rather than Nectared 5.

" Nectared 4 "
The fruit is of average thickness, rounded, of yellow pulp, moderate firmness and of good taste. It is the best of all the Nectared varieties.

" Stark Sunglo’
Fruit of average thickness, of slightly oval shape and bright red colour. The pulp is yellow, firm and has a good taste.

" Sungrand"
Fruit of large size, slightly oval, of vivid red colour covering 50-60% of the surface. The pulp is yellow, of deep red colour in the area next to the stone, that is of large size.

" Stark Red Gold"
Fruit of large size, rounded, of an intense red colour covering two thirds of the fruit. The pulp is of intense yellow colour and strong firmness.

" Fantasía’
The fruit is of large size, slightly oval, of a bright red colour that covers two thirds of the surface. The pulp is yellow with red streaks, firm and of very good taste.

" Nectared 6 "
This fruit is of average size, of an intense red colour that covers all the surface. The pulp is of intense yellow colour, of mean firmness and good taste.

" Le Grand"
Large fruit, of intense yellow colour with streaks of pale red colour. The pulp is pale orange, red in the area next to the stone; it is firm and it has a good taste.

" Nectared 8 "
The fruit is of average size, rounded, of intense red colour on a greenish yellow background. The pulp is yellow orange and firm.

" Nectared 9 "
The fruit is of average size, intense red colour covering half or two thirds of the surface. The pulp is yellow, firm, and the bone is not adhered to it.
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