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Papaya, Carica papaya / Caricaceae
Papaya
The papaya fruit is original from Tropical America, where it was already cultivated before Columbus arrived. From there, the Spanish navigators extended its culture to other areas. At present it is widely cultivated in different regions like Hawaii, Australia and South Africa.

Nowadays it is mainly cultivated in South America, Asia and Africa, as shown in this table:

ContinentTons%
Africa1,021,61514
Asia1,642,76023
Oceania18,708-
North America792,29611
South America3,752,05652
Total7,227,435100

Source: FAO Production Yearbook, 2000

The following table includes the 10 countries with larger production of papaya. In first place we find Brazil, representing approximately 45% of the total production. It is followed by Nigeria, India, Mexico and Indonesia.

CountryTons
Brazil3,300,000
Nigeria748,000
India644,000
México636,119
Indonesia450,009
The Congo213,000
China179,443
Peru165,000
Thailand119,000
Venezuela89,522

Source: FAO Production Yearbook, 2000

Among the papaya export countries, the leader is Mexico, followed by Malaysia and Brazil, as shown in the following table:

CountryTons
Mexico59,959
Malaysia37,000
Brazil15,709
The United States5,939
Belize4,300
The Netherlands2,788
Jamaica2,600
India2,505
Guatemala2,200
Ghana1,374

Source: FAO Trade Yearbook, 1999
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