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  Fruits Vegetables
es en ca
 
Fig, Ficus carica / Moraceae
Postharvest Atmosphere Management
Fig
Given the sensitivity of figs to handling, they will not be put under processing such as washing, brushing, etc. In some countries they are maintained in good conditions by means of cold storage rooms at 1ºC and 90% of relative humidity.

After harvesting, figs do not undergo any postharvest treatment such as brushing, washing, etc., due to their high sensitivity to handling. They will only be put under the process of grading.

There is not much research on cold storage, given the sensitivity of this product. Some countries state that figs can stay up to 6 weeks in cold rooms, whenever the conditions of storage are 1ºC and 90% of relative humidity and the fruit is collected semimature with a certain degree of turgidity. Other similar experiences carried out in Japan support this theory.

In Spain, and specially in the province of Alicante, the technique of cold storage at 6-7ºC allows to maintain figs in good conditions for one week.
Postharvest Problems
The main cause of fig’s alteration is the rot by the fungus Botrytis cinerea.

Different parasites or diseases can affect figs as well as fig trees. Fruit can be damaged in the tree by the insect called " fig tree fly’ which devours the fruit.

During cold storage, the main cause of alteration is the rot caused by the Botrytis cinerea fungus. Other fungi like the Alternaria tenuis, Penicilium, Mucor and Rizopus, may also damage them. In order to avoid damages, postharvest treatments with different fungicides must be carried out, to improve preservation.
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