www.interempresas.net
  Fruits Vegetables
es en ca
 
Endive, Cichorium endivia / Compositae
The endive is native to the south of Asia, probably from the Hindustan peninsula, although some authors regard it as coming from the Mediterranean area. It was already well-known by the Egyptians, that used it in salads and as cooked vegetable. In the XIIIth century it was introduced in the centre and north of Europe. The first references of this crop in America come from 1803.

The FAO gathers the production data of endives along with that of lettuce and chicory. By continents, the main producer is Asia, representing half of the world-wide production. It is followed by North America and Europe. The production by continents is as follows:

ContinentThousand tons%
Africa63-
Asia8,42850
Europe3,56021
North America4,50227
South America2081
Oceania1651
Total16,926100

Source: FAO Production Yearbook, 2000 *
* Joint production of lettuce, chicory and curly and straight endive.

The main producing country is China, followed by the United States, and with an inferior production, Spain, Italy and India.

The 10 countries with greater production of lettuce, endive and chicory are:

CountryThousand tons
China6,255
The United States4,230
Spain1,050
Italy923
India770
France630
Japan540
Turkey 295
Belgium-Luxembourg180
United Kingdom175

Source: FAO Production Yearbook, 2000 *
* Joint production of lettuce, chicory and curly and straight endive.

Among the export countries, Spain is the selling’s leader, followed by the United States and Italy. These countries are also among the four main producers.

The main countries exporting endive, lettuce and chicory are:

CountryThousand tons
Spain420
The United States318
Italy126
The Netherlands89
France80
Belgium-Luxembourg77
Mexico29
Jordan19
Germany14
Canada13

Source: FAO Production Yearbook, 2000 *
* Joint production of lettuce, chicory and curly and straight endive.
Interempresas Media, S.L. / 2022 [ Legal notice | Política de Protección de Datos | Política de cookies | Publicidad]