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Mushroom, Agaricus bisporus / Agaricaceae
The culture of mushrooms began in France towards 1650. At present, this country occupies the fourth place of the world-wide production. Approximately 2.380.000 t of mushrooms are produced world-wide every year and the leading country is China.

In Spain 85.000t are produced every year, chiefly in La Rioja and Cuenca-Albacete.

Most of the mushrooms already existed in the old times and they are previous to the presence of men. However, the culture of mushrooms began in France towards 1650, when some market gardeners observed the development of edible fungi when covering the mount’s dung with sand. In Spain the production began in 1952.

The world-wide production of mushrooms is around 2.380.000t per year and the distribution by continents is as follows:

ContinentTons
Africa11,030
Asia876,198
Europe986,982
North America462,500
Oceania47,000
Total2,383,710


Source: FAO Production Yearbook (2000)

The 10 main producing countries of mushrooms are:

CountryTons
China709,687
The USA390,000
The Netherlands246,000
France150,000
United Kingdom104,439
Poland100,000
Spain80,000
Canada72,500
Japan70,511
Ireland62,000

Source: FAO Production Yearbook (2000)

The 10 chief importers of mushrooms are the following:
CountryTons
United Kingdom59,405
Germany43,466
Japan35,218
France19,740
The Netherlands17,895
Austria13,092
The USA10,917
Italy9,419
Canada9,002
Sweden7,567

Source: FAO Trade Yearbook (1999)

The 10 chief export countries of mushrooms are the following:
CountryTons
The Netherlands63,737
China50,866
Ireland34,817
Belgium-Luxembourg10,425
Poland12,064
Canada10,425
The USA7,191
Austria5,802
France5,684
Germany4,420

Source: FAO Trade Yearbook (1999)

In Spain 85.000t of mushrooms are produced annually; those cultivated in La Rioja (43.400t) are intended for preservation, whereas those produced in Castilia-La Mancha and Cuenca-Albacete (41.600t) are intended for consumption in fresh.
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