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Tomato, Lycopersicon esculentum / Solanaceae
The tomato is original from America; the Sniards introduced it in Europe after the discovery of America. At first, it was introduced as an ornamental species, because of the fruit. Its use as an agricultural plant was relatively recent, around 1,800. In the XIXth century its culture spread, but it was not until 1,900 that it became an important culture.

The main producing countries are China, the United States, Turkey, Egypt and Italy.

The world production is as follows:
ContinentThousandtons%
Africa11,44912
Asia41,48845
Europe22,00923
North America13,64614
Oceania 413-
South America 6,1206
Total92,125100


Source: Fresh Produce Desk Book (1999)

The 10 main producing countries are:
CountryThousand tons
China16,387
The United States10,762
Turkey6,600
Egypt5,980
Italy5,369
India5,300
Spain3,554

Brazil
2,692
Iran2,700
Greece2,085


Source: FAO Production Yearbook, 1998

The 10 main export countries are:
CountryThousand $
Mexico888,317
Spain844,128
The Netherlands558,488
Morocco188,653
Belgium - Luxembourg167,957
The United States158,955
Italy121,183
Syria108,201
France86,741
Canada62,441


Source: FAO Trade Yearbook, 1998.
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