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  Fruits Vegetables
es en ca
 
French bean, Phaseolus vulgaris / Leguminosae (Fabaceae)
At present, the market in fresh is supplied practically all the year round, with production coming from greenhouses and outdoors. Besides, a percentage of this production is marketed frozen (a small percentage of rounded-pod bean is tinned).

The cycle of the bean in greenhouses is from 90 to 120 days for dwarf varieties and between 110 and 150 days for pole beans.

In the warm areas of the Mediterranean coast and South Atlantic, as well as in the Baleares and the Canary Islands they are cultivated in greenhouses all over the year.

In the North coast of Spain (Cantabria and Galicia) it is also cultivated all the year round, although the period of flowering and harvesting must not coincide with the months of January to March.

In the areas of the interior of Spain, with harsh climate in winter, it must only be cultivated in spring and summer.

In Spain, as mentioned previously, beans are sold all over the year, as shown in the table:

AreaMonths
Galicia (Grain Bean)May-October
Castilla y León (Grain Bean)May-October
Asturias (Grain Bean)May-October
Andalucía (French bean)May-October
Cataluña (French bean)May-August
La Rioja (French bean)May-August

Source: La Horticultura Española (2001) Sech.

In the world-wide markets, beans are found all over the year. The following table is an example of the dates of availability in the United Kingdom market, the origin and the weight of the packages.

OriginAvailability in the UK marketsWeight of the packages
BangladeshMay-OctoberVarious
BelgiumAugust-October4 kg
CyprusMarch-November3 kg
EgyptOctober-March3/6 kg
EthiopiaNovember-AprilVarious
The NetherlandsAll the year round5/10 kg
PortugalMay-JulyVarious
SpainAccording to the market demandsVarious
ThailandSeptember-FebruaryVarious
TurkeySeptember-OctoberVarious
United KingdomJuly-May4/5 kg

Source: Fresh Produce Desk Book (2001)
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