Fruits Vegetables
es en ca
French bean, Phaseolus vulgaris / Leguminosae (Fabaceae)
French bean
There are more than 100 varieties of beans that are distinguished from each other by the shape, colour, taste and nutritious value. Most of them have edible pods, eaten as a vegetable. Within the species of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) two subspecies are distinguished: pole beans (Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris) and dwarf beans (Phaseolus vulgaris var. nanus). Pole beans usually have a thicker and flatter pod than dwarf beans. The chief varieties of each sub-group are the following:

a) Creeping beans for fresh consumption (known in Spain as " green beans’ because they are consumed physiologically unripe)

"Buenos Aires": Variety of average cycle. Flat, straight pods, around 15-18 cm long and 2-2.5 cm wide, of a green colour. Globose, cream-coloured seed mottled with brown,.
’Iluro’: A selection of the previous variety, with better quality and productive capacity.
"Zondra’: Similar to the previous, but with longer pods and larger production.
"Garrafal Oro’: Mid-early variety, quite high habit and abundant foliage. Green pods, 18-20 cm. long and 1.5 cm wide, flat and somewhat curved. Large, oblong seeds of golden cream colour.
"Esmeralda’: Average cycle. Vigorous. 26-27 cm long and 1.5-2 cm wide pods. Highly productive. White-coloured seed.
"Perfección blanca’: Variety for consumption in fresh and for preserves. Straight, fleshy, cylindrical pods and without fibres, approximately 15-16 cm long. White colour seed.
"Maravilla de Venecia’: Late variety. Flat, straight yellow pods, 15-18 cm long. Black and round seed.

b) Bushy bean plant for consumption in fresh (known in Spain as " green beans’ because they are consumed physiologically unripe)

"Contendes": Precocious variety. Cylindrical, long, green pods. Cream-coloured, slender seed. Productive.
"Garrafal enana’: Mid-late variety. Flat, bent pods of green colour. White seed of average length.
"Manteca de los mercados": Mid-early variety. Elliptical, straight, long pods of yellow colour. Black seeds of kidney shape.
"Rocquencourt": Mid-early variety. Elliptical, long yellow pods. Black, slender seeds.

c) Creeping beans for grain (consumed dried and known under the term of " string bean’).

"De Soissons blanca Trepadora’: Seed around 18 mm long. Late variety
"Blanca de España’: Plant with thick foliage. Flat pods, not very long. White seed, long and somewhat flat.
"Ganxet mata alta’: Vigorous plant. White, kidney-shaped seed. Highly appreciated. It is cultivated to be harvested in autumn.

d) Bushy bean plant for grain (consumed dried and known under the term of " string bean’).

"Ganxet mata baja’: Precocious variety. Vigorous plant. White, kidney-shaped seed It is cultivated to be harvested in summer.
"Suiza blanca para grano’: Rustic plant o great vigor. Good resistance to diseases. Productive.
"Enana Borlottina or "Reina’: Highly productive, precocious variety. Seed mottled in red.
Interempresas Media, S.L. / 2024 [ Legal notice | Política de Protección de Datos | Política de cookies | Publicidad]