www.interempresas.net
  Fruits Vegetables
es en ca
 
Aubergine, Solanum melongena / Solanaceae
Aubergine was cultivated in China and India in the Vth century, but it was not introduced in Southern Europe until the XIIth century. The producing countries comprise the Mediterranean area, China and Japan.

The world-wide production in 2000 totalled 21,987,062 t. During the previous year the production obtained was practically the same (21,237 t), distributed by continents as follows:

ContinentThousand tons
Africa805
Asia19,638
Europe681
North America106
Oceania1
South America6
Total21,237

Source: Fresh Produce Deskbook 2001 (1999)

The chief producers are:

CountryTons
China11,908,523
India6,100,000
Turkey850,000
Egypt562,000
Japan458,800
Italy318,755
The Philippines180,100
Spain135,000
Syria128,000
Sudan110,000

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results (2000) ( http://www.fao.org )

The main producing country is China (11,908,523 t), followed by India with 6,100,000 t. Spain occupies the eighth place in the world-wide ranking of aubergine production, totalling 135,000 t.

159,705 tons are imported world-wide, according to data of the FAO in1999. The main import countries were in the first place the United States of America, followed by France. The ten first world-wide importers are shown in the following table:

CountryTons
The United States of America32,427
France29,468
Germany23,318
Canada11,760
United Kingdom10,194
Lebanon8,200
Russia4,360
Kuwait4,336
The Netherlands4,284
Singapore4,010

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results (1999) ( http://www.fao.org )

Spain imported in 1999 ninety tons that amounted to 92 thousand dollars.

The world imports in 1999 amounted to 131,437 thousand dollars. Germany was the country with greater money investment in imports, followed by the United States of America and France. The following table includes the ten first countries with greater capital contribution in imports.

CountryThousand dollars
Germany25,048
The United States of America24,710
France23,088
United Kingdom13,841
Canada8,238
The Netherlands4,134
Switzerland3,712
Japan3,424
Austria2,900
Sweden2,300

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results (1999) ( http://www.fao.org )

In 1999, 223,489 tons of aubergines were exported world-wide according to data of the FAO. The main exporters are in the first place Mexico, Spain and the Netherlands. The ten first export countries are included in the table below:

CountryTons
Mexico48,003
Spain47,439
The Netherlands35,186
China16,502
Jordan15,961
Iran18,124
The United States of America11,052
Italy4,496
Malaysia4,354
Dominican Republic3,611

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results (1999) ( http://www.fao.org )

Spain exported in 1999 forty seven thousand four hundred and thirty nine tons, which places it in the 2nd position of the world exports. These amounted to 35,445 thousand dollars.

World-wide exports in 1999 amounted to 146,500 thousand dollars. Spain was the second country with greater economical contribution in exports. The following table shows the ten first countries with greater capital investment in exports.

CountryThousand dollars
The Netherlands41,294
Spain35,445
Mexico32,295
The United States of America8,047
Italy4,877
Korea3,457
France2,894
Jordan2,973
Turkey1,668
Dominican Republic1,261

Source: FAOSTAT Database Results (1999) ( http://www.fao.org )

In Spain there is a total surface of 3,463 ha intended for aubergine production, which in 1999 amounted to 131,191 t. The production estimated in 1999 by communities was as follows:

AreaHectaresTons
Andalucía1,89688,982
Cataluña42911,194
Castilla-La Mancha2627,304
Comunidad Valenciana2786,260
Baleares2426,028
Murcia1434,270
Extremadura603,800
Others1533,353
TOTAL3,4633,353

Source: La Horticultura Española (2001)
SECH, Sociedad Española de Ciencias Hortícolas.
Interempresas Media, S.L. / 2019 [ Legal notice | Política de Protección de Datos | Política de cookies | Publicidad]