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Chinese cabbage, Brassica rapa / Cruciferae (Brassicaceae)
Chinese cabbages are original from China and known from very old. In other countries they are, in general, hardly known, although their consumption is spreading and they are already cultivated in some countries like Austria, Spain and The Netherlands.

This species is original from China, where it has been cultivated for more than 1,500 years. However, in Europe some varieties are only known since the XVIIIth century, and it is not until the 1970s that their culture spreads in the old continent. There is no industrial processing for the Chinese cabbage.

The FAO production, export and import data for " cabbages" include all the Brassicas oleraceas except for broccoli and cauliflower (cabbages, Chinese, headed, red and savoy cabbages, Brussels sprouts and kohlrabi).

The main cabbage producers are China, Russia, India and Korea.

The world cabbage production is:
ContinentThousand tons%
Africa9052
Asia31,70465
Europe12,25425
North America2,7226
Oceania991
South America5571
Total48,241100


Source: FAO Production Yearbook, 1998

The 10 main cabbage producers are:
CountryThousand tons
China19,953
Russian Federation4,500
India4,200
Korea2,755
Japan2,550
The United States2,084
Poland1,778
Indonesia1,401
Ukraine1,070
Rumania1,000


Source: FAO Production Yearbook, 2000

The 10 main cabbage exporters are:
CountryTons
The United States213
The Netherlands164

Poland
87
China86
Italy66
Spain57
Indonesia36
Canada36
Germany28
Mexico20


Source: FAO Trade Yearbook, 1999

The 10 main cabbage importers are:
CountryTons
Russian Federation180
Germany159
Japan133
Canada126
The United States107
China89
Malaysia41
France37
The Netherlands36
Singapur33


Source: FAO Trade Yearbook, 1999
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