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Shallot, Allium ascalonicum / Liliaceae (Alliaceae)
It is thought that shallots come from tropical Asia. It was highly appreciated by the Greeks and the Romans, that considered it aphrodisiac. It is not a widely spread culture, and it is mainly produced in Asia and North America. The main producing countries are Mexico, Republic of Korea, Japan and China. The production and export data gathered by the FAO refer to shallots and fresh onions.

The world production is as follows:
ContinentThousand tons%
Africa3899
Asia1,95548
Europe1995
North America1,21129
Oceania2406
South America1153
Total4,109100


Source: FAO Production Yearbook, 2000

The 10 main producing countries are the following:
CountryThousand tons
Mexico1,200
Republic of Korea606
Japan532
China351
New Zealand240
Turkey230
Nigeria200
Tunisia122
Ecuador98
Pop Dem. Rep. Korea85


Source: FAO Production Yearbook, 1998

The main producing country is Mexico, that is also the main exporter. It is followed by New Zealand, that exports almost the whole of its production. The rest are France, Indonesia and the Netherlands. The following table shows the 10 main exporting countries:
CountryTons
Mexico259,944
New Zealand205,888
France16,834
Indonesia8,603
The Netherlands7,803
Brazil2,504
Burkina Faso1,500
Belgium-Luxembourg1,036
Morocco635
Trinidad and Tobago502


Source: FAO Trade Yearbook, 1999
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