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Cherimoya, Annona cherimola / Annonaceae
The custard apple is native to tropical America, the Peruvian Andes and the Ecuadorian mountains, although some authors also include the Andean area of Chile and Colombia. From this area of origin it spread to Central America and afterwards to the Caribbean, Azores, the Canary Islands, Madeira, Africa and different Mediterranean and Asian countries. It was introduced in Spain with the discovery of America.

The United Nations Agriculture and Food Organization (FAO) gathers the production and export data of different tropical fruit, among which are the carambola, cherimoya, feijoa, guava, mangosteen, passion fruit, rambutan, sapote, etc.

The continent with greater production of tropical fruit is Asia, amounting for 83% of the total production. Some of it is also cultivated in South America, whereas the rest of the world has a scarce production.

ContinentTons%
Africa406,2703
Asia12,736,17383
Europe25,000-
North America366,3902
South America1,766,65012
Oceania30,826-

Total
15,331,309100

Tropical fruit
Source:FAOProductionYearbook,2000

The countries with larger production of tropical fruit are the Asian: India, the Philippines, Indonesia and China. Some South American countries are also included among the 10 main producers.

CountryTons
India3,700,000
The Philippines3,600,000
Indonesia2,000,000
China1,675,192
Colombia1,120,000
Thailand704,000
Pakistan468,500
Brazil335,000
Bangladesh267,000
Peru253,179

Tropicalfruit
Source:FAOProductionYearbook,2000

The main export country is Malaysia, followed by the United States and Kenya. The following table shows the 10 main exporters of tropical fruit, among which we find the custard apple:

CountryTons
Malaysia52412
The United States28,269
Kenya10,592
Thailand5,542
Indonesia4,794
Egypt4,081
Madagascar3,642
Yemen2,953
China2,914
Australia2,897

Tropicalfruit
Source:FAOTradeYearbook,2000
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